Arguments against utilitarianism essay
From: Stephen W.
Category: buddhism essay
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Under the tutelage of his imposing father, himself a historian and economist, John Stuart Mill began his intellectual journey at an early age, starting his study of Greek at the age of three and Latin at eight. Later, he started to believe that his rigorous analytical training had weakened his capacity for emotion, that his intellect had been nurtured but his feelings had not. Born in , John Stuart Mill was the eldest son of James Mill and Harriet Barrow whose influence on Mill was vastly overshadowed by that of his father. A struggling man of letters, James Mill wrote History of British India , and the work landed him a coveted position in the East India Company, where he rose to the post of chief examiner.
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Ethics of Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism Argumentative | harestua.info
Utilitarianism is a family of normative ethical theories that prescribe actions that maximize happiness and well-being for all affected individuals. For instance, Jeremy Bentham , the founder of utilitarianism, described utility as "that property in any object, whereby it tends to produce benefit, advantage, pleasure, good, or happiness Utilitarianism is a version of consequentialism , which states that the consequences of any action are the only standard of right and wrong. Unlike other forms of consequentialism, such as egoism and altruism , utilitarianism considers the interests of all humans equally.
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Animal testing ethicacy has been under debate for many decades and is likely to be at the forefront of ethical concern for many years to come. Many people this day and age are turning to veganism and holding concerns about the mistreatment of animals, so the issue is likely to remain a hot topic for some time. So why exactly should people take any notice and should the debate come to an end for any good reason? Animal experimentation has been around for many years and many people have become fascinated about animals and the way they work. Ever since aristotle for instance, there have been experiments done on all sorts of creatures.
Such a theory is in opposition to egoism , the view that a person should pursue his own self-interest, even at the expense of others, and to any ethical theory that regards some acts or types of acts as right or wrong independently of their consequences. Utilitarianism also differs from ethical theories that make the rightness or wrongness of an act dependent upon the motive of the agent; for, according to the Utilitarian, it is possible for the right thing to be done from a bad motive. In the notion of consequences the Utilitarian includes all of the good and bad produced by the act, whether arising after the act has been performed or during its performance. If the difference in the consequences of alternative acts is not great, some Utilitarians do not regard the choice between them as a moral issue. According to Mill, acts should be classified as morally right or wrong only if the consequences are of such significance that a person would wish to see the agent compelled, not merely persuaded and exhorted, to act in the preferred manner.
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