Spinal cord compression literature review

On The Agenda
From: Jess D.
Added: 16.04.2021
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Background: It has been common practice in trauma to place patients in cervical collars and on long backboards LBBs to achieve spinal immobilization. LBBs are used to help prevent spinal movement and facilitate extrication of patients. Cervical collars C-Collars are used to help prevent movement of the cervical spine and often are combined with lateral head blocks and straps. The theory behind this is that spine immobilization prevents secondary spinal cord injury during extrication, transport, and evaluation of trauma patients by minimizing movement. Most of this information has been passed on from historical teachings, like the Advanced Trauma Life Support ATLS courses, and not from scientific research.

Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression: A Review

Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression: A Review | MDedge Emergency Medicine

A spinal cord injury SCI is damage to the spinal cord that causes temporary or permanent changes in its function. Symptoms may include loss of muscle function, sensation , or autonomic function in the parts of the body served by the spinal cord below the level of the injury. Injury can occur at any level of the spinal cord and can be complete , with a total loss of sensation and muscle function at lower sacral segments, or incomplete , meaning some nervous signals are able to travel past the injured area of the cord up to the Sacral S spinal cord segments. Depending on the location and severity of damage, the symptoms vary, from numbness to paralysis , including bowel or bladder incontinence. Long term outcomes also range widely, from full recovery to permanent tetraplegia also called quadriplegia or paraplegia.

Spinal cord compression

Written and peer-reviewed by physicians—but use at your own risk. Read our disclaimer. Degenerative disc disease refers to a variety of pathologies involving displacement of disc material into the spinal canal , such as protrusion, herniation , and sequestration.
Lubdha M. Shah, Karen L. Metastases to the spine can involve the bone, epidural space, leptomeninges, and spinal cord. The spine is the third most common site for metastatic disease, following the lung and the liver.

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